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Climate Moisture Index for Canada - Long-term (2071-2100) under RCP 2.6

Open.Canada.Ca URL

http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/01f88afc-5002-4dee-9ed9-fd26e32bd643

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Notes

Drought is a deficiency in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in a water shortage that has adverse impacts on vegetation, animals and/or people. The Climate Moisture Index (CMI) was calculated as the difference between annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration (PET) – the potential loss of water vapour from a landscape covered by vegetation. Positive CMI values indicate wet or moist conditions and show that precipitation is sufficient to sustain a closed-canopy forest. Negative CMI values indicate dry conditions that, at best, can support discontinuous parkland-type forests. The CMI is well suited to evaluating moisture conditions in dry regions such as the Prairie Provinces and has been used for other ecological studies. Mean annual potential evapotranspiration (PET) was estimated for 30-year periods using the modified Penman-Monteith formulation of Hogg (1997), based on monthly 10-km gridded temperature data. Data shown on maps are 30-year averages. Historical values of CMI (1981-2010) were created by averaging annual CMI calculated from interpolated monthly temperature and precipitation data produced from climate station records. Future values of CMI were projected from downscaled monthly values of temperature and precipitation simulated using the Canadian Earth System Model version 2 (CanESM2) for two different Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP). RCPs are different greenhouse gas concentration trajectories adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for its fifth Assessment Report. RCP 2.6 (referred to as rapid emissions reductions) assumes that greenhouse gas concentrations peak between 2010-2020, with emissions declining thereafter. In the RCP 8.5 scenario (referred to as continued emissions increases) greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise throughout the 21st century. Provided layer: projected mean annual Climate Moisture Index across Canada for the long-term (2071-2100) under the RCP 2.6 (rapid emissions reductions). Reference: Hogg, E.H. 1997. Temporal scaling of moisture and the forest-grassland boundary in western Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84,115–122.

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            [fr] => La sécheresse est un déficit de précipitation sur une période prolongée, habituellement une saison ou davantage, qui entraîne une pénurie d’eau ayant des effets néfastes sur la flore, la faune et la population. 
L'indice d’humidité climatique (IHC) exprime la différence entre les précipitations annuelles et l’évapotranspiration potentielle, c’est-à-dire la perte potentielle d’eau par évaporation d’un milieu couvert de végétation. Un IHC positif révèle des conditions humides et des précipitations suffisantes au maintien d’une forêt à couvert fermé. À l’opposé, un IHC négatif reflète des conditions climatiques sèches, qui peuvent au mieux soutenir des zones discontinues de type forêt-parc. L’IHC est bien adapté pour évaluer les conditions d'humidité dans les régions sèches comme les provinces des Prairies et a été utilisé pour d'autres études écologiques.
L’évapotranspiration potentielle moyenne annuelle (PET) a été estimée pour des périodes de 30 ans au moyen de l’équation Penman-Monteith modifiée de Hogg (1997), selon des données de température mensuelles réparties sur une grille de 10 km.  Les données qui figurent sur les cartes sont des moyennes sur 30 ans.  
Les valeurs historiques de l’IHC (1981 à 2010) ont été créées en établissant la moyenne de l’IHC annuel calculé au moyen des données mensuelles interpolées de température et de précipitations produites à partir des rapports des stations climatiques. Pour les années à venir, la projection des valeurs de l’IHC a été basée sur des valeurs mensuelles de température et de précipitations dont l’échelle a été réduite et qui ont été simulées au moyen du modèle canadien du système terrestre, version 2 (Canadian Earth System Model version 2 [CanESM2]), pour deux profils représentatifs d’évolution de concentration (“Representative Concentration Pathways” ou RCP). Ces RCP découlent de quatre scénarios relatifs à l’évolution de la concentration en gaz à effet de serre établis par le Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) dans son cinquième rapport d'évaluation. Le RCP 2.6 (appelé réduction rapide des émissions) suppose que les gaz à effet de serre atteindront leur concentration maximale au cours de la période 2010-2020 avant d’entamer leur déclin. Selon le scénario RCP 8.5 (appelé augmentation continue des émissions), la concentration en gaz à effet de serre continuera de croître tout au long du 21e siècle.
Couche de données fournie : l’indice d’humidité climatique annuel moyen projeté à long terme (2071-2100) selon le RCP 2.6 (réduction rapide des émissions) au Canada.
Référence : Hogg, E.H. 1997. Temporal scaling of moisture and the forest-grassland boundary in western Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84,115–122.
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The Climate Moisture Index (CMI) was calculated as the difference between annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration (PET) – the potential loss of water vapour from a landscape covered by vegetation. Positive CMI values indicate wet or moist conditions and show that precipitation is sufficient to sustain a closed-canopy forest. Negative CMI values indicate dry conditions that, at best, can support discontinuous parkland-type forests. The CMI is well suited to evaluating moisture conditions in dry regions such as the Prairie Provinces and has been used for other ecological studies.
Mean annual potential evapotranspiration (PET) was estimated for 30-year periods using the modified Penman-Monteith formulation of Hogg (1997), based on monthly 10-km gridded temperature data.  Data shown on maps are 30-year averages.  
Historical values of CMI (1981-2010) were created by averaging annual CMI calculated from interpolated monthly temperature and precipitation data produced from climate station records. Future values of CMI were projected from downscaled monthly values of temperature and precipitation simulated using the Canadian Earth System Model version 2 (CanESM2) for two different Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP). RCPs are different greenhouse gas concentration trajectories adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for its fifth Assessment Report. RCP 2.6 (referred to as rapid emissions reductions) assumes that greenhouse gas concentrations peak between 2010-2020, with emissions declining thereafter. In the RCP 8.5 scenario (referred to as continued emissions increases) greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise throughout the 21st century.
Provided layer: projected mean annual Climate Moisture Index across Canada for the long-term (2071-2100) under the RCP 2.6 (rapid emissions reductions).
Reference: Hogg, E.H. 1997. Temporal scaling of moisture and the forest-grassland boundary in western Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84,115–122.
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    [notes] => Drought is a deficiency in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in a water shortage that has adverse impacts on vegetation, animals and/or people. 
The Climate Moisture Index (CMI) was calculated as the difference between annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration (PET) – the potential loss of water vapour from a landscape covered by vegetation. Positive CMI values indicate wet or moist conditions and show that precipitation is sufficient to sustain a closed-canopy forest. Negative CMI values indicate dry conditions that, at best, can support discontinuous parkland-type forests. The CMI is well suited to evaluating moisture conditions in dry regions such as the Prairie Provinces and has been used for other ecological studies.
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Historical values of CMI (1981-2010) were created by averaging annual CMI calculated from interpolated monthly temperature and precipitation data produced from climate station records. Future values of CMI were projected from downscaled monthly values of temperature and precipitation simulated using the Canadian Earth System Model version 2 (CanESM2) for two different Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP). RCPs are different greenhouse gas concentration trajectories adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for its fifth Assessment Report. RCP 2.6 (referred to as rapid emissions reductions) assumes that greenhouse gas concentrations peak between 2010-2020, with emissions declining thereafter. In the RCP 8.5 scenario (referred to as continued emissions increases) greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise throughout the 21st century.
Provided layer: projected mean annual Climate Moisture Index across Canada for the long-term (2071-2100) under the RCP 2.6 (rapid emissions reductions).
Reference: Hogg, E.H. 1997. Temporal scaling of moisture and the forest-grassland boundary in western Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84,115–122.
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